We all know very well what JPEG is – a format for compressing digital images, which has been used elsewhere for many years and is considered the standard. But soon the JPEG XS should appear. This is not an updated version of the classic JPEG, as you might imagine, but an entirely new format designed specifically for streaming content without loss of quality in networks with low latency and in virtual and augmented reality systems.




Last week, the Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) announced the JPEG XS format, which, unlike the usual JPEG, compresses images not in 10, but in 6 times without noticeable deterioration in quality. However, its main advantage is not in this. JPEG XS features low latency and high energy efficiency, which makes it possible to use it in 5G networks. In addition, the new format is perfect for AR and VR systems, as it solves the problem of image delay, one of the reasons why users can feel dizzy and even nauseous if the head movements and the displayed image do not match.

For the first time in the history of image coding, we shrink less to maintain better quality, making this process faster and more energy efficient … The idea is to use fewer resources and use them more intelligently. This is a real shift in the paradigm, “explained the head of JPEG, Touradj Ebrahimi.

The effectiveness of the JPEG XS format has even attracted the attention of the European Space Agency, which sees it as the main solution for high-resolution video transmission from low-power space probes.



Among other features of JPEG XS are open source code and support for HDR-coding. Users of mobile devices will benefit from the new format, in particular, with the widespread introduction of 5G networks. Currently, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is considering the JPEG XS, which should approve it.

“In the near future JPEG XS will be used in professional equipment, in software for video editing and space imagery. Consumer electronics will be the next stage in the distribution of the format, followed by self-managed cars, virtual and augmented reality, wireless communication between multimedia devices, etc. ” Said Turaj Ibrahimi.